Ampicillin tablets have long become common; many people take them without the appointment of a doctor. But this is not right: a quick cure for the infection can be followed by a complication in the form of an untreated disease, the adaptation of the infection to Ampicillin, intestinal dysbiosis or colitis. To get rid of such consequences will be quite problematic.
Ampicillin tablets contain 250 mg of active ingredient and auxiliary substances – starch, magnesium or calcium stearate, and talc. Take ampicillin tablets half an hour before meals or two hours after a meal. After ingestion, slightly more than half of the dose is to be absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract. If ampicillin is taken with food, the active ingredient is absorbed to an even lesser extent.
The maximum concentration of the drug in the blood is to be reached after two hours and lasts for an hour. It is distributed among the tissues, penetrating through the placenta and into the brain tissue, and is then largely excreted in the urine.
This drug is also allocated with human milk. Ampicillin in large quantities falls into the paranasal sinuses, middle ear, bronchus walls, sputum, bile ducts, kidneys and urinary tracts, intraarticular and spinal fluid.
The effect of ampicillin is associated with the suppression of metabolic processes in the membranes of cells of infectious agents. It acts bactericidal, that is, completely destroying the cells of bacteria. Activity to ampicillin is manifested by all pathogens of infection, sensitive to penicillins, as well as some pathogens of intestinal infections. But ampicillin is powerless against bacteria, releasing enzymes of beta-lactamase – these enzymes destroy ampicillin. These bacteria include, for example, certain types of staphylococci.
Ampicillin tablets are for oral administration and are usually prescribed for infectious and inflammatory processes, which are caused by ampicillin-sensitive pathogens of the infection and do not proceed very painfully, and therefore they can be treated on an outpatient basis. Most often ampicillin in tablets is prescribed for infectious and inflammatory processes of bacterial origin in the area of ENT organs. These are purulent tonsillitis, exacerbations of chronic tonsillitis, acute sinusitis, exacerbations of chronic sinusitis, acute and chronic otitis, pharyngitis.
Ampicillin in tablets can also be used for mild acute exacerbations of chronic pyelonephritis, acute and chronic cystitis. In this case, for all chronic diseases, the antibiotic is prescribed strictly after sowing biological material on nutrient media, identifying the causative agent of the infection and its sensitivity to antibiotics. Use it with caution, along with strong painkillers, such as Tramadol and others.
With diseases of the bile duct and gall bladder, ampicillin is administered with caution and after consulting a surgeon, as the patient may need surgical help.
It is contraindicated to patients with individual intolerance of components, severe liver diseases with a violation of their function and during breastfeeding (during the treatment of the mother, it is recommended to interrupt breastfeeding).
Ampicillin tablets are prescribed with care for pregnancy and renal dysfunction.
After buying the drug in the pharmacy, active use is recommended under the supervision of a doctor.